Cross-cutting issues as defined by the CBD refer to those issues that are relevant to all thematic programs, directly support work under these programs, or provide bridges and links between programs. These include such issues as tourism, climate change, ecosystem approach, protected areas, invasive alien species, traditional knowledge, innovations and practices, access to genetic resources and benefit sharing, and communication, education and public awareness. Work done on these issues has contributed to facilitating implementation of the CBD and meeting the 2010 biodiversity target.
The COP has also initiated work on key matters of relevance to all thematic areas. These cross-cutting issues correspond to the issues addressed in the Convention's substantive provisions in Articles 6-20, and provide bridges and links between the thematic programmes. The work done for these cross-cutting issues has led to a number of principles, guidelines, and other tools to facilitate the implementation of the Convention and the achievement of the 2010 biodiversity target.
This section focuses on two cross-cutting issues- tourism and climate change- that have gained significant attention in recent years. Other cross-cutting issues are also discussed below and in other chapters of this Report.